When lead mining on Grassington Moor became more intensive in the early 18th Century, miners were granted mining rights on areas of land on the mineral veins, called meers, in return for a share of the smelted lead being paid to the owner of the mineral rights. A meer was about 30 yards by 15 yards, and the original finder of the vein was granted two meers. Longer grants were made, and leases were bought and sold so some holdings were considerably larger.
To help mark out the extremities of the leases, stones were set in the ground. These varied in style, some being merely earth fast rocks, and others being set in the ground; some have lettering and numbering carved into them which identified the holder of the lease, and some are devoid of markings. Those which mark the first meer granted on a vein are often marked with the word "founder". When Dr. Raistrick originally mapped these, he found over 140 spread out over the moor, but many were stolen in the 1970s. Many of the surviving stones appear to relate to the grants made in the 1770s, and many have been correlated with plans of the moor showing the lease holdings.
This document records some of those which are still to be found on the moor. The grid references were taken with a GPS instrument, and are probably accurate to within about five metres. More details on the individual stones may be found by clicking on the pictures. A Google Map showing the location of a stone may be seen by clicking on its grid reference. Clicking on the main picture will display a larger version.
The locations of the documented stones are available in the following formats: Memory Map format (meerstones.mmo); Google Earth format (meerstones.kml); and GPS Exchange Format (meerstones.gpx).
Note that Grassington Moor is a scheduled monument (Scheduled Monument 31331), and meerstones are specifically mentioned in the description of the monument. They should be respected, and you should be aware that it may be a criminal offence to interfere with them.
This is very much a joint project, and grateful acknowledgement is made to Mike Gill for reading through the web site and making suggestions; to Tom Knapp for pointing out some typographical errors; and to the following for drawing the author's attention to stones he had been unaware of: Andy Booth, Gordon Booth, the late John Crossland, Paul Dollery, Chas Roberts, Arthur Stockdale, Matt Town, and Robert White. The author also pays homage to Arthur Raistrick and the members of both the Northern Cavern and Mine Research Society and the Northern Mine Research Society on whose works the author has been totally reliant.
|HEN. WICKHAM & Co||20 ES||FAW & Co||R S||R S|
|PW OVEREND||W B||FAW & Co||DD||I:A|
& CO FOUNDER
|none||GEO FLETCHER & CO||I A||W B||FAW & CO|
|96||none||18||I:C & Co||134|
|TR||J: MORLEY & CO FOUNER||SUMMERS & CO FOUNDR||87||88|
|D||J MORLEY & CO||11 ES||108||IM|
|G F||J TENANT
& CO FOUNDER
|131||62||IB||9 ES||8 ES|
|IL||GF||GEO FLETCHER & CO FOUNDER||IT||I & CO|
|RS & Co F||John Tenant
& Co Found.
|170||IT||FAW & Co|
|ADM & CO|
Sources of background material and further reading:
- Bird R.H, (Ed.), The Mines of Grassington Moor, (Keighley: N.M.R.S. British Mining No. 13, 1980)
- Gill M.C, Three Eighteenth Century Mining Disputes at Grassington, Yorkshire. (Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society Vol.11 No. 4: pp.206-212, 1988)
- Gill M.C, The History of Customary Mining Law at Grassington in Yorkshire. (Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society Vol.10 No. 1: pp.25-34, 1990)
- Gill M.C, The Grassington Mines, (Keighley: N.M.R.S. British Mining No. 46, 1993)
- Raistrick A, The Founders' Meer, Transaction of the NCMRS 1962-1963, pp: 1-4
- Raistrick A, Fourteen and Ten Meer Dispute and Other 18th Century Mine Disputes on Grassington Moor, Memoirs of the NCMRS 1968, pp: 1-7
- Raistrick A, Lead Mining in the Mid-Pennines, (Truro: D. Bradford Barton, 1973)